Special Education

 

Each local educational agency and public school academy in Michigan is required to

publicly post the process used to determine the existence of a Specific Learning

Disability (SLD).

 

Consistent with this requirement, Covert Public Schools reports the following:

 

For grades kindergarten through 3rd grade, in the area of Basic Reading, Covert Public

Schools utilizes a Response to Scientific, Research-Based Intervention process.

 

A Pattern of Strengths and Weaknesses (PSW) process is used for students in 4th

grade through 12th grade for the skill area of Basic Reading. This process is also used

across all other areas of SLD, kindergarten through 12th grade, which includes: Oral

Expression, Listening Comprehension, Written Expression, Reading Comprehension,

Reading Fluency, Math Calculation, and Math Problem Solving.

 

It is noted that regardless of the process used, all schools must follow all of the

regulatory requirements in the IDEA, the MARSE, and Michigan laws, policies and

procedures for special education.

 

What is a SLD?

 

A Specific Learning Disability is “a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological

processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may

manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do

mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain

injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia that adversely

affects a student’s educational performance. A SLD does not include learning problems

that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities; mental retardation;

emotional disturbance; or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage.” (34 CFR §

300.8(c)(10)).

 

What is Response to Scientific, Research-Based Intervention Process?

 

Response to Scientific, Research-Based Intervention is a process to determine if a

student has a SLD. This process involves the collection of data to determine the

following:

 

•The student does not achieve adequately for the student’s age or to meet State

approved grade-level standards in one or more of the areas identified at 34 CFR

§300.309(a)(1)(i) when provided with learning experiences and instruction

appropriate for the student’s age or State-approved grade-level standards.

 

•The student does not make sufficient progress to meet age or State-approved

grade-level standards in one or more of the areas identified at 34 CFR §300.309(a)(1)(i)

when using a process based on the student’s response to scientific, research-based intervention.

 

What is a PSW Process?

 

Pattern of Strengths and Weaknesses is a process that is used to determine if a student

has a SLD. This process involves the collection of data to determine the following:

 

•The student does not achieve adequately for the student’s age or to meet State

approved grade-level standards in one or more of the areas identified at 34 CFR

§300.309(a)(1)(i) when provided with learning experiences and instruction

appropriate for the student’s age or State-approved grade-level standards.

 

•The student exhibits a pattern of strengths and weaknesses in performance,

achievement, or both, relative to age, State-approved grade-level standards, or

intellectual development, that is determined by the Multi-disciplinary Evaluation

Team (MET) to be relevant to the identification of a SLD, using appropriate

assessments, consistent with the IDEA Evaluation Procedures and Additional

Requirements for Evaluations and Reevaluations.

 

Source: Michigan Department of Education Office of Special Education and Early Intervention

Services (2010). Michigan criteria for determining the existence of a specific learning disability. Lansing, MI: Author.